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What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious life-long health condition that occurs when the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body can’t use it properly. If left untreated, high blood glucose levels can cause serious health complications.
As an employer its one of the crucial things to have monitored especially if your employees work in high risk areas such as at heights, confined spaces or drive company vehicles or plant equipment. Follow the link to see what Safewells occupational health screening can do to help you as an employer manage your employees welfare.
The occupational health assessment is used to advise management on an employee’s health issues in relation to their work, and to make recommendations on reasonable adjustments that could be considered to ensure a safe/healthy working environment for that employee.
There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. They’re different conditions, caused by different things, but they are both serious and need to be treated and managed properly.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a very important role in our bodies. After we eat, we begin to digest carbohydrates, breaking them down into glucose.
The insulin released by the pancreas moves glucose into our cells, where it is used as fuel for energy. It may help to understand that insulin is often described as a key, which open the doors to the cells, allowing glucose to enter.
There are a range of more rare types of diabetes – correct diagnosis and management of these types are equally important. Find out more about other types of diabetes at Diabetes UK.
Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells, meaning no insulin is produced. This causes glucose to quickly rise in the blood.
- Nobody knows exactly why this happens, but science tells us it’s got nothing to do with diet or lifestyle.
- About 10 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 1.
Type 2 diabetes
- In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin, or the insulin it makes doesn’t work properly, meaning glucose builds up in the blood.
- Type 2 diabetes is caused by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Up to 58 per cent of Type 2 diabetes cases can be delayed or prevented through a healthy lifestyle.
- About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2.